Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuego - Argentina
About Ushuaia and Tierra del FuegoUshuaia is the capital of the Province of Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica and South Atlantic Islands, the southernmost of the 23 provinces that make up the Republic of Argentina.
While there are settlements farther south, Ushuaia, by the number of inhabitants and infrastructure, is officially the southernmost city in the world. The city is located in the south of the Isla Grande (Big Island) of Tierra del Fuego (Land of Fire). It is situated on the shores of the legendary Beagle Channel, or more precisely in Ushuaia Bay, a large protected inlet of the sea.
With regard to Tierra del Fuego, it is an archipelago located geographically at the southern tip of the South American continent. Politically, it is divided between Argentina to the east and Chile to the west.
The Isla Grande of Tierra del Fuego is the largest of the archipelago. In the south (where Ushuaia sits), we find the wooded mountains of the Andes and in the north, in sharp contrast, extends a zone of steppe plains.
Principales atractivos en la ciudad:
• Museo del Fin del Mundo.
• Museo Marítimo (dentro del renombrado ex Presidio y Cárcel de Reincidentes)
• Muelle turístico (desde donde parten las navegaciones por el canal Beagle)
Principales atractivos en los alrededores (las distancias son desde el centro de la ciudad):
• Pista de esquí de nórdico (esquí de fondo) Francisco Jerman, centro de deportes Glaciar Martial, Aerosilla del Glaciar Martial (entre el km 5 y el km 7 al noroeste, por calle Luis F. Martial)
• Tren del Fin del Mundo (a 7 km hacia el suroeste, por Ruta Nac. N° 3, camino al Parque Nacional Tierra del Fuego)
• Parque Nacional Tierra del Fuego (a 12 km al suroeste, por Ruta Nac. N° 3)
• Centros de deportes invernales (entre el km 17 y el km 36 al noreste, por Ruta Nac. N° 3)
• Cerro Castor, centro de esquí alpino y snowboard (a 25 km al noreste, por Ruta Nac. N° 3)
• Lagos Escondido y Fagnano (a 60 km y 100 km respectivamente al noreste, por Ruta Nac. N° 3).
Main attractions in the city:
• End of the World Museum
• Maritime Museum (formerly the Prison and Jail of Repeat Offenders)
• Tourist Wharf (from which sailing excursions of the Beagle Channel depart)
Main attractions in the surrounding area (distances are from the center of the city):
• Francisco Jerman Nordic/Cross-country Ski Track, Martial Glacier Sports Center & Martial Glacier Chairlift (between 5 km and 7 km to the northwest, by Luis F. Martial street)
• Train at the End of the World (7 km to the southwest, by National Route No. 3, on the way to Tierra del Fuego National Park)
• Tierra del Fuego National Park (12 km to the southwest, by National Route No. 3)
• Winter Sports Centers (between 17 km and 36 km to the northeast, by National Route No. 3)
• Cerro Castor, alpine ski and snowboard center (25 km to the northeast, by National Route No. 3)
• Escondido and Fagnano Lakes (60 km and 100 km respectively to the northeast, by National Route No. 3).
Population: About 60,000, according to the 2010 census.
Climate and Clothing: The weather is quite variable in Ushuaia, both throughout the year and in the course of a single day. We recommend using several layers of clothing (e.g. a T-shirt or shirt, sweatshirt, sweater or fleece jacket and windbreaker with hood), so that you can remove or add layers as needed. Always carry a warm hat and gloves. While exploring the city or on excursions the ideal shoe is a comfortable and athletic one. Important: use sunglasses and sunscreen, especially if you are sailing or spending time on snowy surfaces or taking part in activities on the mountain.
Rainfall is spread throughout the year, with rains in the spring, summer and autumn, and snow in winter. Despite the latitude, temperatures are moderated by the effect of the sea, with an average of 10°C (50°F) in January and 1°C (34°F) in July. Similarly, there are important differences between the city and the surrounding natural areas and depending on the altitude (the temperature decreases by 1°C/34°F every 180 meters above sea level).
Daylight Hours: Due to our southern location, the daily number of daylight hours varies markedly with the seasons. In December you can enjoy up to 18 hours of daylight, while in June it decreases to 7 hours of light daily.
Height above sea level: The city begins on the shores of the sea, but due to its mountainous terrain, it has high sectors extending to 200 metres a above sea level.
Important: Anywhere you go, both in the city and on excursions, you will find hills!
Language: Spanish. The majority of staff involved in tourism services also speak English.
Currency and credit cards: The national currency is the Argentinian peso, but in most shops and tourist services U.S. dollars, VISA, MASTERCARD and AMERICAN EXPRESS are accepted. Important: The entrance fee to Tierra del Fuego National Park can only be paid in cash in Argentine pesos.
Note for Travel Agents: Availability consulted by telephone, does not imply a block on rooms or a booking confirmation. Reservations are confirmed only in writing, via email.
Official websites with useful information:
www.tierradelfuego.org.ar (Fuegian Institute of Tourism - Province of Tierra del Fuego)
www.turismoushuaia.com (Tourism Department of the Municipality of Ushuaia).
Photos of Ushuaia: Gustavo Buyan